In this article, we will provide some tips on how to make the lighting system in the garden, starting from some initial considerations and then going on to identify the points to be illuminated and the choice of the most suitable luminaires to use.
How to design garden lighting
First, you will need to identify the points where to insert the light sources so that every corner of your garden has the right amount of lighting. In particular, here are the guidelines to follow.
- The light must never be violent and must not induce the observer to shift his gaze to protect his eyes.
- The area destined to entertain guests (for example dinner or a picnic) must be differently lit, i.e. it must have more light than the entrance path or the relaxation area. This is to foster dialogue and conviviality.
- garden lighting should be able to create a comfortable and safe environment. To this end, it would be necessary to avoid leaving dark areas that oblige those who walk there to feel their way out of fear of falling or stepping on objects.
- In addition to the purely decorative value, the outdoor light can also be used to decorate and highlight the house or plants.
By following these rules you can decide how to organize the external lighting system! In particular, you will be able to identify the points to illuminate, such as directing the light (upwards, downwards, etc. …) and consequently also choose the best luminaires for garden lighting.
If you think it appropriate, you can also include light points between flower beds and plants to bring out their beauty. Alternatively, you can also use comfortable garden light balls with a rechargeable battery.
How to make the lighting system in the garden: which luminaires?
The garden lanterns are the outdoor lamps more common to illuminate green spaces. Although they have been designed to illuminate public streets and parks at night, they have also become an element for lighting large modern gardens. Compared to the spotlights, they are able to determine a softer and more delicate light, ideal for creating relaxing atmospheres.
The most used are the wrought-iron street lamps: real design elements that however need more maintenance and which, given the size, are useful especially in large gardens.
Garden lighting posts
The garden bollards (also called outdoor lanterns) are a preferable solution compared to lampposts described before. They usually have a height below the meter, they are used to delimit the boundary between avenue and green space and can be anchored to the ground.
The most used materials for lanterns are wrought iron, aluminum, and glass or plastic for the diffusers. They can have a classic or modern design and should be installed at regular distances from each other.
The garden lights are among the most versatile and less invasive solutions: occupy little space, they can have a light beam directable and are easier to adapt to various types of furniture. Among the various types of LED spotlights we also find “recessed wall” and “recessed floor” spotlights, depending on whether they are fixed to the wall or in the ground. Unlike lamp posts, they provide a more concentrated light where they are anchored.
The outdoor step markers, for example, are positioned along avenues or paths to delimit the trampling area. If installed in the lower part of a wall, they are useful for making visible obstacles along the route (such as steps).
Among the materials used for garden spotlights, there are aluminum or stainless steel for the ring nut and glass for the diffuser.
Garden wall light
The outdoor sconces are generally fixed to the walls to illuminate only the lower part (therefore garden and paths), or even the upper part (in order to highlight the walls of the house). In this second case, we will talk about up & down or double emission wall lights precisely because they are equipped with two opposite light beams.
Then there are also outdoor led strip lights that must be installed in the lower part of the wall.